An Overview of Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Cancer is a term that conjures up fear in the hearts of many. But while it is a serious illness, it is important to remember that there are treatments available and that with early detection and proper medical care, cancer can be managed.
In this article, we will take a look at the causes, symptoms, and treatments of cancer, as elaborated by the expert medical doctor Dr. Philip Sobash currently working in Batesville, Arkansas for White River Health System.
Causes of Cancer
Cancer is caused by changes in the cellular DNA structure that leads to uncontrolled growth. While certain factors, such as smoking and alcohol consumption, can increase your risk of developing cancer, it is not always clear what causes the changes in DNA structure that lead to cancer.
Some known causes include exposure to radiation or toxic chemicals, inherited genetic mutations, or viruses like HPV.
Symptoms of Cancer
The symptoms of cancer vary depending on the type of cancer and how advanced it is. Common signs may include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, lumps or bumps on the skin or other parts of the body, or changes in bowel habits.
It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be due to other illnesses so if you experience any suspicious symptoms, it’s best to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Treatments for Cancer
Treatment for cancer depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the disease as well as patient preferences. The main treatments for cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Surgery involves removing tumors from organs, while chemotherapy uses drugs to kill tumor cells throughout the body. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to target tumor cells specifically without damaging healthy tissue nearby.
In some cases, a combination of treatments may be used depending on your doctor’s recommendation.
Cancer can be a scary diagnosis, but with early detection and proper medical care, there are effective treatments available today which can help manage this disease so patients may live long lives with quality of life intact.